By the time the first shunt was attempted on her, she was in danger of dying. Blalock and Thomas attempted another operation, which Eileen did not survive. Blalock had prepared for just such an operation in more than a decade of experiments on dogs at Vanderbilt Medical School in Nashville. It was November 29, 1944, and 1-year-old Eileen Saxon was dying. Eileen was a “blue baby.” About 2,000 blue babies are born each year. Eight-year-old Carol Lee Davis was Dr. Conklin’s first "blue baby" patient. it was the first successful surgery on the human heart of the modern medical era. Tiny and weak, she weighed just 9 pounds. In 1944 Blalock, with Thomas by his side, performed the first "blue baby" operation on Eileen Saxo, a 15-month-old baby. In fact, he had devised a "blue baby syndrome" in dogs. Eileen was one of the first babies that had the surgery. The operation she was about to undergo would be the first attempt to treat her congenital heart condition, which was called the tetralogy of Fallot or blue baby syndrome. The blue baby operation. The new operation not only directly saved thousands of lives. He remembers the tension in the operating room that November morning in 1944 as Dr. Blalock rebuilt a little girl’s tiny, twisted heart. The team consisted of surgeon Alfred Blalock (1899-1964), pediatric cardiologist Helen B. Taussig (1898-1986), and surgical technician Vivien T. Thomas (1910-1985). The patient, Eileen Saxon, made it through surgery, and her blue coloration faded as oxygen returned to her tissues. However, within weeks she became cyanotic again. Known as the ”Blue Baby operation,” the procedure was first performed on a tiny, 18-month-old girl suffering from tetralogy of Fallot (blue baby syndrome), a combination of heart defects that kept her blood so starved for oxygen that she appeared blue. Her lips and fingernails were dark blue. Her brief recovery confirmed that the procedure could work under the right conditions. The 2004 movie produced by HBO, Something The Lord Made, is a dramatic documentary based on the Saxon baby operation. Eileen had a heart condition that starved her body of oxygen. In 1944 Blalock, with Thomas by his side, performed the first "blue baby" operation on Eileen Saxon, a 15-month-old baby. In the winter of 1947, Elizabeth Davis had already sold 10 of her cows and was considering the sale of her entire farm to finance a second life-saving operation for her eight-year-old daughter. The operation was successful, although the baby died a few months later. (en) dbo:wikiPageID: 2916959 (xsd:integer) Eileen Saxon, the first Blue Baby, died from complications within a year after her operation. Tetralogy of Fallot, also known as blue baby syndrome, is a complex four-part heart anomaly, thought to be untreatable until then. 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