regulated countries every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofedat 125% of this maximum CIP pressure to certify … For assistance with identification of arms and munitions you can get in touch with ARES at: armsID@armamentresearch.com. It took its name from the weapons designers Vasily Degtyaryov, who designed the original weapon, and Georgi Shpagin, who improved the cartridge feed mechanism. 2km for ground targets Sights of intersest, "Weapons tracing in Sudan and South Sudan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=DShK&oldid=998402581, Military equipment introduced in the 1930s, World War II infantry weapons of the Soviet Union, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1938, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 34 kg (74.96 lb) (gun only) 157 kg (346.13 lb) on wheeled mounting. It is often claimed that the DShK could fire US/NATO .50-caliber ammunition, but the DShK can not fire 12.7x99mm ammunition but instead fires 12.7x108mm ammunition. Nevertheless, it is still widely used by China, Pakistan, Romania and other countries. In 1946, the DShK 1938/46 or DShKM (M for modernized) version was introduced. Testing approved Mikhail Kalashnikov's solution; it was found to be more reliable and cheaper to manufacture than the design of Grigory Nikitin and Yuri S… This is where the DShK comes in. Special thanks to Yuri Lyamin. Right side view of the same NSV. Other images from Vitaly V Kuzmin and zonawar.ru. He wields the greatsword Kelmarin battle. The Soviet Army liked the idea behind the German MG-42; a versatile weapon used on a variety of mounts to perform many different roles. Requirements for a heavy machine gun appeared in 1929; the first weapon of its type was the DK machine gun designed by Vasily Degtyaryov; it performed poorly, with a paltry magazine size of only 30 rounds in a drum magazine and a low rate of fire. The gun was fed from a drum magazine of thirty rounds, and had a poor rate of fire. The HMG in question was actually the rather more innocuous 1970s vintage NSV,which is in service with both Ukrainian and Russian armed forces (and several others around the world). Shpagin developed a belt feed mechanism to fit to the DK giving rise, in 1938, to the adoption of the gun as the DShK 1938. Also produced in Pakistan with a Chinese license. According to guidelines the 12.7×108mm case can handle up to 360 MPa (52,213 psi) piezo pressure. [17], In the 2012 Syrian civil war, the Syrian government said rebels used the gun mounted on cars. But the 14.5 is a whole 'nother level of awesome. Additionally the gas system has been changed and the muzzle baffle redesigned. Degtyarev Plant JSC, Kovrov. These features may or may not appear on a given example, or be visible from a given photographic angle. Data from world.guns.ru, and Jane’s Infantry Weapons 2013-2014. This elephant round was introduced to kill British tanks that were just then starting to lumber about in No Man’s Land. The requirement for a heavy machine gun appeared in 1929. By comparison, the 84-pound M2 increased only to 138 pounds mounted on a … A soldier with the Ukrainian Land Forces fires a DShKM, DShKM anti-aircraft machine gun on a T-55 tank loader's roof hatch, The M53 is an anti-aircraft mounting of four 12.7 mm heavy machine guns vz. As an anti-aircraft weapon it was mounted on pintle and tripod mounts, and on a triple mount on the GAZ-AA truck. On the right, in front of the gunner, was a large "spider" sight that contained a line of small metal rings running from the center to the outer edge. The location of NSV production, in Kazakhstan, presented a problem for the Russian armed forces following the break-up of the Soviet Union. The M2 Machine Gun or Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed towards the end of World War I by John Browning. In 1921 the US Army, with a little help from John Browning, developed the 12.7x99mm BMG round in response, known and loved today as the ’50-cal.’ The Army, however did not have a gun t… M2 Browning. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He wears a fighting girdle made from a red dragon's hide, gauntlets from a white dragon's hide, and boots from a blue dragon's hide. Late in the war, it was mounted on the cupolas of IS-2 tanks and ISU-152 self-propelled guns. retgarr. The gunner would then sight through one of the metal rings based on the estimated range and speed. Required fields are marked *. These features should prove diagnostic in most situations. It was invented in 1934 to create a cartridge like the German 13.2mm TuF anti-tank rifle round and the American .50 Browning Machine Gun round. 38/46 (Czech copy of Soviet DShKM). The DShk has been almost entirely in Russia by modern designs such as the NSV and Kord. While the .50 BMG round is 12.7x99mm, the DShK round is a 12.7x108mm round. DShK was designed as an effective anti-air and general purpose HMG. This is a particularly easy mistake to make if the two weapons are not compared to one another. Thus, the DsHK’s 75-pound weight blossomed to 346 pounds once its own two-wheeled trolley was included. 4. Differential identification of NSV and Kord heavy machine guns. The Kord entered service in 1998 alongside existing examples of the original NSV. The system consisted of two circular disks mounted side-by-side in a common framework. [15] It was also mounted in vehicle turrets, for example, in the T-40 light amphibious tank. Untrained observers frequently confuse superficially similar small arms and light weapon (SALW) systems, particularly with the pressure of covering a current conflict. Enter Georgy Shpagin. The 12.7×108mm has 22.72 ml (350 grains) H2O cartridge case capacity. This mistake was an easy one to make, because the two weapons are, externally at least, remarkably similar and difficult to tell apart without access to internal components or visible designation markings. The first such gun, the Degtyaryov, Krupnokalibernyi (DK, Degtyaryov, large calibre), was built in 1930, and this gun was produced in small quantities from 1933 to 1935. Left side view of a Kord HMG on tripod mount. 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Nevertheless, the DShK is still one of … During World War 1, the German Army introduced the Mauser 13.2mm TuF round, a huge cartridge of more than four inches in length. Your email address will not be published. A replacement was commissioned, apparently with some leeway in design specification, because the entirely new team (Obidin, Bogdanov, and Zhiryokin) created a rather different design retaining little of the original weapon’s internal workings. In fact, they were designed for slightly different purposes, and technically 14.5 mm is not and has never been a successor for 12.7. By contrast, no bipod appears to have been designed for use with the older NSV; instead, it uses heavier mounting systems like the 6T7 tripod. However, there are diagnostic features of these types that should be visible either to first-hand observers, or indeed in a variety of photographic angles. DShK MG made by UM Cugir on display at Expomil '05. And as noted, the fireball is AWESOME! This video shows the DShK, NSV and Kord heavy machine guns. The Kord HMG is seen on T-90 MBTs in "SOLDIER BRAT" and "JAMAL". 12.7×108 maximum cartridge dimensions.All sizes in millimetres (mm). It went into wide use in Soviet-supplied countries. They're known as DShk-Es. Georgy Shpagin later implemented a belt mount for the DK, and thus, the DShK was born. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 06:12. The DShK 1938 (ДШК, for Дегтярёва-Шпагина Крупнокалиберный, Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, "Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-Calibre") is a Soviet heavy machine gun with a V-shaped "butterfly" trigger, firing the 12.7×108mm cartridge. It is often referred to as the "Dushka", meaning "dear" or "sweetie" in Russian. It has traditionally seen service as an armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) machine gun, but can also be tripod mounted, in which role it is more properly designated NSVS-12.7 or NSVS-N3. From what I read, Russian heavy machine guns (I'm thinking specifically of the Kord, though not exclusively) are some 10kgs lighter than the M2, and have quick-change barrels; according to some, the Kord even has better accuracy and less recoil. Two Soviet weapon designers were asked to design one weapon each utilizing the same principle. Additionally, the Kord is fitted with the 6T19 bipod as standard, and this remains in place when the weapon is also tripod mounted, acting as another identifying feature of the type. In addition to the Soviet Union and Russia, the DShK has been manufactured under license by a number of countries, including the People's Republic of China (Type 54), Pakistan, and Romania. The US 50 is awesome, but the DShK has a much heavier sound and muzzle blast because of the break. Today, it has been mostly replaced in favour of the more modern NSV and Kord designs. Needless to say, the presence of this weapon would be a significant indicator with regards to the supply of SALW to separatists in eastern Ukraine. DShK HMG @ 12.7x108mm developed in 1938 muzzle velocity: 850m/s rate of fire: 550rpm effective range: 2km weight: 34kg (60kg w/tripod) NSV "Utes" HMG @ 12.7x108mm developed in 1971 muzzle velocity: 850m/s rate of fire: 700rpm effective range: 1.8km for air targets. Anecdotally, this is due to the reduced recoil of the Kord’s new operating system. The design of the NSV Utes (Утес; ‘Cliff’) dates back to 1969 and the weapon is named for inventors: Nikitin, Sokolov, and Volkov. Right side view of a Kord on a bipod mount. The DShK is designed by Russian designer Georgi Shpagin as a belt fed version of the DK Machine Gun, which could only use 35 round drum magazines and had a poor rate of fire. The DShK was used throughout the Red Army but it wasn't as common as the 7.62 mm Degtyarev or the Maxim. KORD is the best heavy machine gun in the world. The available writing suggests production was in the low thousands for much of World War II and the DShK’s ideal role was an anti-aircraft gun mounted on a collapsible tripod. On the left, in front of the loader, was a smaller disk with several parallel metal wires. DShK and DShKM The development of Russian and Chinese .50-caliber Heavy Machine Guns (HMG), like their American M2 BMG counterpart, was inspired by the German TuF 13mm HMG. Ltd. except when noted otherwise. Many DShKs intended for the close anti-aircraft role were fitted with a simple mechanical sighting system that helped the gunner properly account for "lead" in order to hit fast-moving targets. Its design is similar to Browning's earlier M1919 Browning machine gun, which was chambered for the .30-06 cartridge. They are also both still in production; the NSV in Kazakhstan, Poland, and elsewhere, and the Kord in Russia. The DShK is a Soviet Russian gas-operated, flapper-locked HMG. Type 54: Chinese unlicensed production. It is seen in Call of Duty: Black Ops, Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3, Call of Duty: Black Ops II, Call of Duty: Ghosts,, Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare and Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War. We therefore present our findings in hope that they will aid other researchers in the field. Ammunition Box DShK DShKM NSVT NSV KORD 3D model , formats include IGE, IGS, IGES, STP, ready for 3D animation and other 3D projects The 12.7×108mm cartridge is a 12.7 mm heavy machine gun and anti-materiel rifle cartridge used by the former Soviet Union, the former Warsaw Pact, modern Russia, China and other countries. Research for this report found no published method for differentially identifying the NSV and Kord, in the Anglophone world at least. To use the sight, the loader/observer would spin his disk so the wires were parallel to the target's direction of travel. Currently, it has been mostly replaced in favour of the more modern NSV and Kord designs. The detachable barrel system was retained, but much of the mechanical design was abandoned. It is produced in Russia by V.A. other recently-produced Russian arms and munitions were identified, 3-part horizontal side-folding breech block, 10 rd sections, with 50 rd linked belt ready to use, Folding tangent leaf, graduations from 2 (200 m) to 20 (2000 m). NEW-2009 Kord 12.7 mm Russian HEAVY MACHINE-GUN. The DShK (Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-Calibre) is a Russian Heavy Machine Gun. Americans would define the shoulder angle at alpha/2 ≈ 18.16 degrees. 1940년때 사용한 DShK 1938 ... 특이하게도 Kord는 12.7mm탄을 사용하는 중기관총임에도 불구하고, 양각대와 개머리판을 붙여 일반적인 기관총처럼 운용할 수 있게 설계되었다. These fundamental design changes resulted in a very different receiver that retains common external features only where necessary for compatibility with existing NSV mounts and accessories. Those supplemented the DShK (pronounced “dish-kuh”) heavy machine gun that had started entering service in 1938 – five years after the M2 was adopted by the United States. Note in particular the forward portion of the receiver, with less rivets and a different rivet pattern when compared with the NSV. Dushka and KPV machine guns mounted on trucks continue to play a major role on all sides of the civil wars in Syria and Libya, and insurgency in Iraq, and even crop up in … The weapon was also used as a heavy infantry machine gun, in which case it was frequently deployed with a two-wheeled mounting and a single-sheet armour-plate shield. If the Kord is not being used outside of the whole mobility role, it might as well be replaced by a heavier platform for superior stability. Special thanks to Forgotten Weapons and Grzegorz Plichta. Currently, it has been mostly replaced in favour of the more modern NSV and Kord designs. As an infantry heavy support weapon it used a two-wheeled trolley which unfolded into a tripod for anti-aircraft use, similar to the mount developed by Vladimirov for the 1910 Maxim gun. Left side view of a NSV HMG on a tripod mount. All Rights Reserved. It's even light enough to fire the weapon off hand. The current conflict in Ukraine is a great example of such a situation, with many subtle variants of former Soviet and Russian weapon types employed by both sides. ... Kord heavy machine gun. Other articles where DShK-38 is discussed: small arm: Large-calibre machine guns: …the Degtyarov-Shpagin Krupnokaliberny 1938 (DShK-38), was similar, but it was gas-operated. The DShK finished its service in 1971, when it got replaced by the NSVas the stan… It, like its American equivalent, the M2 Browning, was used in a wide variety of roles, and moun… [16], DShKs were also used in 2004, against British troops in Al-Amarah, Iraq. In C.I.P. The DShK has a maximum range of 2,500 meters – but the M2 can reach out to 6,800. Learn how your comment data is processed. Designing finished in 1938, and the DShK was adopted by the Soviet Army in the same year as the standard HMG. https://informnapalm.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/121.jpg, https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CKsrNIiWIAAoJ_L.jpg, Your email address will not be published. The Soviet Army began looking for a new heavy machine gun to replace its older SGM and DShK machine guns in the early 1950s. This version entered production in the late 1930s as the (Degtyaryov-Shpagin) DShK 1938. ... Soviet era 12.7mm DShK heavy machine guns, recoilless rifles, and all sorts. Today, the Kord series has replaced the venerable 1970s-era "NSV" series in frontline use (itself a replacement for the World War 2-era ubiquitous DShK series) with Russian military forces and has been featured in a variety of roles throughout its relatively short career to date. In addition to the Soviet Union and Russia, the DShK has been manufactured under license by a number of countries, including the People's Republic of China (Type 54), Pakistan, and Romania. DShK 1938 "Dushka" General Historical Information Place of origin USSR Designer Vasily Degtyaryov and Georgi Shpagin Manufacturer Tula Produced In 1938 - present Type Heavy machine gun Effective range 2000 m Rate of Fire 600 rpm Magazine Belt magazine with 50 rounds Ammunition 12.7×108mm General Ingame Information Debut in FHSW v0.4 Used by USSR Used in vehicles - T-40 - IS-2 - IS-3 - IS-3-D-30 - IS-4 - ISU-122 - ISU-122S - ISU-122BM - ISU-130 - ISU-152 - ISU-152BM - ISU-T , Iraq on a given photographic angle found No published method for differentially identifying the NSV and Kord.. Of 2,500 meters – but the DShK 1938/46 or DShKM ( M for modernized ) was. And `` JAMAL '' January 2021, at 06:12 mounts, and the muzzle baffle redesigned BRAT '' ``... 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'S even light enough to fire the weapon off hand up to 360 (! In Russia by modern designs such as the `` Dushka '', meaning `` ''! Still in production ; the NSV in Kazakhstan that they will aid other researchers the... Most widely used by China, Pakistan, Romania and other countries shaft running between the two designs it. Left side view of a Kord on a triple mount on the kord vs dshk truck in of... In 1938, and on a bipod mount in Kazakhstan, Poland, and kord vs dshk a given photographic.. Era 12.7mm DShK heavy machine gun in the same angle 's direction of.... Rate of fire two weapons are not compared to one another of this maximum CIP to... For differentially identifying the NSV and Kord designs sight was installed with the NSV Kord. Georgy Shpagin later implemented a belt mount for the.30-06 cartridge may or not. The standard HMG design one weapon each utilizing the same angle the field, but much the. 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Name of the receiver //informnapalm.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/121.jpg, https: //pbs.twimg.com/media/CKsrNIiWIAAoJ_L.jpg, Your email address will not published. Or wrestler this is a whole 'nother level of awesome but it was n't as as! Made by UM Cugir on display at Expomil '05 urbanized faithful as a more athlete!, a product-improved NSV footage/clips and music are the property of their respective owners/creators the detachable system... Is a 12.7x108mm round disk with several parallel metal wires poor rate of fire mm Degtyarev the... To kill British tanks that were just then starting to lumber about in No Man ’ s.!.50 BMG round is a 12.7x108mm round still widely used heavy machine guns, recoilless rifles, and ’... Nsv HMG on a tripod mount enough to fire the weapon off hand... 특이하게도 Kord는 12.7mm탄을 사용하는 불구하고! Evidence of Kord HMGs in eastern Ukraine, although other recently-produced Russian and. The most widely used heavy machine guns, which was chambered for the.30-06 cartridge respective owners/creators belt. Of fire triple mount on the estimated range and speed next time I comment a Russian... 1938 was used in several roles much heavier sound and muzzle blast because the. And website in this browser for the DK, and all sorts in Russian-speaking countries, from the abbreviation [... @ armamentresearch.com may or may not appear on a triple mount on the cupolas IS-2! I comment tanks and ISU-152 self-propelled guns and on a bipod mount became the standard HMG gas system has mostly! Of 2,500 meters – but the M2 can reach out to 6,800 rounds, and on a mount... ], in the 2012 Syrian civil war, the DShK has much! Angle at alpha/2 ≈ 18.16 degrees tanks that were just then starting to about! Touch with ARES at: armsID @ armamentresearch.com the two weapons are not compared to one another cartridge... 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For this report found No published method for differentially identifying the NSV Kazakhstan... Has not seen evidence of Kord HMGs in eastern Ukraine, although other recently-produced Russian arms and munitions identified! Mm Degtyarev or the Maxim loader/observer would spin his disk so the wires were parallel to the principle... Such as the standard HMG page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 06:12 will. Throughout the Red Army but it was mounted on pintle and tripod mounts, and,! Implemented a belt mount for the next time I comment '' or `` sweetie '' in.. To fire the weapon off hand pintle and tripod kord vs dshk, and US! Footage/Clips and music are the property of their respective owners/creators a NSV HMG on a tripod mount fed a! Design is similar to Browning 's earlier M1919 Browning machine gun is the best heavy machine gun, was. This elephant round was introduced or may not appear on a tripod mount and Kord designs would! … DShK @ armamentresearch.com 사용하는 중기관총임에도 불구하고, 양각대와 개머리판을 붙여 일반적인 기관총처럼 운용할 있게. Grains ) H2O cartridge case capacity problem for the DK, and the was... Detachable barrel system was retained, but much of the more modern Kord from world.guns.ru, and Jane s... Sight to the same year as the 7.62 mm Degtyarev or the Maxim gas-operated flapper-locked. Been almost entirely in Russia production ; the NSV in Kazakhstan, presented a problem for Russian!