Sometimes, though, your…, Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes your thyroid gland to create too much thyroid hormone. This can cause a rapid heartbeat, weight loss and anxiety. But this isn't the sole cause of hypothyroidism—there may be a variety of other reasons why you have developed the disorder. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate your body's metabolism, causing unintentional weight loss and a rapid or irregular heartbeat. It causes antibodies to stimulate the thyroid to secrete too much hormone. You will then have to take thyroid hormone supplements to prevent hypothyroidism, which occurs when you have an underactive thyroid that secretes too little hormone. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. This is the most common cause. Hyperthyroidism. What causes hyperthyroidism? Hyperthyroidism is when your thyroid gland produces and secretes too many hormones and becomes overactive. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2018. Hyperthyroidism is a condition of the thyroid. You should tell your doctor if your relatives have had the condition. When in a hypermetabolic state, you may experience a rapid heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and hand tremors. The thyroid gland has an enormous impact on your health. This increases the production of the thyroid hormone. 2016;388:906. Ultrasounds can measure the size of the entire thyroid gland, as well as any masses within it. We include products we think are useful for our readers. Also, medicines such as radioactive iodine — which is used to treat hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) — … Your thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck, just below the Adam's apple. Thyroid disease: Can it affect a person's mood? A section or all of your thyroid gland may be surgically removed. Here’s our process. In other words, the thyroid gland is overactive. Your thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), that influence every cell in your body. These include: Your doctor may need to check your cholesterol levels. They maintain the rate at which your body uses fats and carbohydrates, help control your body temperature, influence your heart rate, and help regulate the production of protein. American Thyroid Association. Thyroidal origin. Also, beta-blockers such as propranolol can help control your rapid pulse, sweating, anxiety, and high blood pressure. Thyroid storm happens when a large amount of thyroid hormone is released and it results in a sudden worsening of symptoms. Learn how the tests work and how to understand the results. If you have a family member with hyperthyroidism, your risk is increased. Elston MS, et al. Hyperthyroidism is linked to osteoporosis, which causes bone weakening, making a person more prone to breaking bones with even minor bumps or falls. An autoimmune disorder called Graves’ disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Over time, this attack causes the thyroid to stop producing hormones as it should which leads to hypothyroidism. Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Many other health problems can cause an overactive thyroid, for example, thyroiditis or taking too many thyroid hormones. Like many autoimmune diseases, Hashimotos thyroiditis occurs more frequently in women than men. This is thought to be due to varying levels of iodine in the diet. Hyperthyroidism can also cause your bones to become weak and thin, which can lead to osteoporosis. Learn why it’s used, how to prepare, and how to interpret…. Other causes. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Most people with hyperthyroidism develop hypothyroidism as medication causes the thyroid to go from overactive to underactive. It … For thyroid tests, radioactive iodine is typically used. Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Your thyroid also produces a hormone that helps regulate the amount of calcium in your blood (calcitonin). They are usually benign (not cancer). This can reveal these common signs of hyperthyroidism: Other tests may be performed to further evaluate your diagnosis. Most people respond well to this treatment. Treatment of Graves' orbitopathy (ophthalmopathy). Common thyroid disorders include Hashimoto's disease, Graves' disease, and goiter. It’s when the butterfly-shaped gland in your neck produces too much thyroid hormone. Your thyroid and most types of thyroid cancer absorb iodine naturally. Stress or infections can cause thyroid storm. Management of Graves disease. It's important to completely describe the changes you've observed, because many signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism may be associated with a number of other conditions. Graves' disease, an autoimmune disease, is a major reason for an overactive thyroid gland. Treatments for hyperthyroidism include antithyroid medications, radioactive ablation, and surgery. The thyroid gland makes the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) that play an important role in the way your whole body functions. Consuming too much iodine or taking too much thyroid hormone medicine also may raise your thyroid hormone levels. Diagnosis of overactive thyroid and treatment of the underlying cause can relieve symptoms and prevent complications. This may occur for a number of reasons, including: Risk factors for hyperthyroidism, include: Hyperthyroidism can lead to a number of complications: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. All rights reserved. These tests measure how much thyroid hormone (T4 and T3) is in your blood. Those conditions are associated with a broad range of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Eating a fish-based, canned food diet. Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, and can be associated with eye disease (Graves' opthalmopathy). Your eyes may also appear quite prominent, which is a sign of exophthalmos, a condition that’s related to Graves’ disease. Hypothyroidism can have a primary cause or a secondary cause. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/thyroid-disorders/hyperthyroidism. Podrid PJ. A doctor will perform this surgery in a hospital while the patient is under general…. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Learn the symptoms and your treatment…, A T3 test is a blood test that helps your doctor determine if you have a thyroid problem. Low cholesterol can be a sign of an elevated metabolic rate, in which your body is burning through cholesterol quickly. Causes of hyperthyroidism include the autoimmune disorder known as Graves’ disease; as well as excess iodine, thyroiditis, toxic adenomas, and other tumors, toxic multinodular goiter, and large amounts of tetraiodothyronine received through dietary supplements of medications (Fig. Biological evidence of a role of thyroid hormones in carcinogenesis also exists. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Jameson JL, et al., eds. They are a common treatment. They include. A CT or MRI can show if a pituitary tumor is present that’s causing the condition. Causes of hyperthyroidism include: Autoimmune thyroid disease (Graves’ disease), in which the thyroid gland is attacked by the body’s own immune system. Hyperthyroidism has several causes. Symptom… Toxic adenoma and toxic multinodular goiter are two other causes of hyperthyroidism that involve a strong genetic component. A variety of conditions can cause hyperthyroidism. With this condition, your body attacks its own immune system. Thyroid storm is a result of untreated hyperthyroidism. Sometimes, hyperthyroidism treatment involves surgery to remove all or part of your thyroid gland. AskMayoExpert. The three most common causes of an overactive thyroid are Graves' disease, toxic nodular or multinodular goiter, and thyroiditis. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of your neck. Your first step in diagnosis is to get a complete medical history and physical exam. Hyperthyroidism. Visibly, the thyroid gland itself can swell into a goiter, which can be either symmetrical or one-sided. Thyroid surgery removes all or a portion of the thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Hyperthyroidism, also known as an overactive thyroid, involves overproduction of the thyroid hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. This content does not have an Arabic version. Some causes can go away without treatment. Hyperthyroidism can be caused by a number of conditions, including Graves' disease, Plummer's disease and thyroiditis.Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. You may also sweat a lot and develop a low tolerance for heat. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2018. https://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Excess levels of thyroid stimulating hormone from the pituitary gland. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Last medically reviewed on June 29, 2016. 2015;314:2544. https://www.thyroid.org/hyperthyroidism/. Precautions may need to be taken for a short time after treatment to prevent radiation spread to others. Learn more about the health benefits of vitamin D. Hypothyroidism vs. Hyperthyroidism: What’s the Difference? Burch HB, et al. Hyperthyroidism is the condition that occurs due to excessive production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. De Leo S, et al. Learn more about the health benefits of vitamin D. Your doctor may refer you to an endocrinologist, who specializes in treating bodily hormone systems. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Factitious Graves' disease due to biotin immunoassay interference — A case and review of the literature. The thyroid is a … If your thyroid gland makes too much T4 and T3, this is defined as hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland has an enormous impact on your health. Learn more about symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. It effectively destroys the cells that produce hormones. Merck Manual Professional Version. Nobody knows what causes hyperthyroidism, but the following factors have been noted as possible risk factors: Use of cat litter. Eating a proper diet, with a focus on calcium and sodium, is important, especially in preventing hyperthyroidism. A variety of conditions can cause hyperthyroidism. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. This is called a hypermetabolic state. Similar to low cholesterol, low triglycerides can be a sign of an elevated metabolic rate. This is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in iodine-sufficient areas, accounting for about 80% of cases. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 8, 2018. Learn about their symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments. Main causes of hyperthyroidism include Graves’ disease, thyroid nodules and thyroiditis. Your thyroid gland regulates your metabolism through the release of these hormones. Thyroid nodules, which are growths on your thyroid. Two other common causes for hyperthyroidism are: Hyperfunctioning (overactive) thyroid nodules. Hyperthyroidism is treatable. Hyperthyroidism caused by Graves disease usually gets worse over time. Eating a diet consisting of more than 50% canned food. Accessed Oct. 1, 2018. What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism? The term hyperthyroidism refers to any condition in which there is too much thyroid hormone produced in the body. Hyperthyroidism. There can be a number of causes, including autoimmune disease, hyperthyroidism treatments, radiation therapy, thyroid surgery and certain medications.Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the front of your neck, just below your Adam's apple. Consumption of iodine in abundant amounts or using excessive amounts of thyroid hormone medication also cause hyperthyroidism. Heart In hyperthyroidism, there is a high risk of developing atrial fibrillation, especially in older people. Causes of thyrotoxicosis with hyperthyroidism (increased thyroid hormone synthesis). Hashimotos thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. Accessed Oct. 7, 2018. Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism include: The following symptoms require immediate medical attention: Hyperthyroidism can also cause atrial fibrillation, a dangerous arrhythmia that can lead to strokes, as well as congestive heart failure. Every aspect of your metabolism is regulated by thyroid hormones.Your thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), that influence every cell in your body. Your doctor can tell you how much vitamin D and calcium to take each day. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/graves-disease. This causes extra thyroid hormone to leak into your bloodstream. Treatment is important to prevent thyroid storm, thyrotoxicosis, and other complications. If you've been treated for hyperthyroidism or you currently are being treated, see your doctor regularly as advised so that he or she can monitor your condition. 20th ed. It produces tetraiodothyronine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are two primary hormones that control how your cells use energy. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition. However, the association between thyroid dysfunction and cardiovascular disease or cancer mortality risk remains controversial. Work with your doctor to create healthy guidelines for your diet, nutritional supplements, and exercise. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Hyperthroidism. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. An individual's heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature can reach dangerously high…, High cholesterol levels can stem from your diet, especially if you eat foods high in saturated fats, like red meat and butter. Several treatments are available for hyperthyroidism. Make a donation. Hyperthyroidism can be caused by a number of conditions, including Graves' disease, Plummer's disease and thyroiditis. Graves’ disease is the number one cause of hyperthyroidism. It can also cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including: Older adults are more likely to have either no signs or symptoms or subtle ones, such as an increased heart rate, heat intolerance and a tendency to become tired during ordinary activities. A primary cause is a condition that directly impacts the thyroid and causes it to create low levels of thyroid hormones. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is the autoimmune disorder Graves’ disease. This content does not have an English version. Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. Unintentional weight loss, even when your appetite and food intake stay the same or increase, Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) — commonly more than 100 beats a minute, Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers, Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements, An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck, Excessive tearing or discomfort in one or both eyes, Light sensitivity, blurry or double vision, inflammation, or reduced eye movement, A family history, particularly of Graves' disease, A personal history of certain chronic illnesses, such as type 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia and primary adrenal insufficiency. Graves' disease. Another term that you might hear for this problem is thyrotoxicosis, which refers to high thyroid hormone levels in the blood stream, irrespective of their source. It has many complications, some of which are severe and affect quality of life. Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Rarely, hyperthyroidism is caused by a noncancerous tumor of the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. Other hyperthyroidism causes include thyroid nodules and thyroiditis. Accessed Oct. 1, 2018. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/hyperthyroidism. Sometimes an uncommon problem called Graves' ophthalmopathy may affect your eyes, especially if you smoke. Taking vitamin D and calcium supplements during and after treatment can help strengthen your bones. The complications of Graves’ disease can be life-threatening and affect your long-term quality of life. They include thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland), Grave’s disease, and Plummer’s disease). It tends to run in families, which suggests a genetic link. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism can include irritability, nervousness, muscle weakness, unexplained weight loss, sleep disturbances and more. Inflammation of thyroid gland or thyroiditis is a common cause of Hyperthyroidism. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. As its name suggests, hyperthyroidism occurs when your body makes too much of the thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), and becomes overac… Normally, your thyroid releases the right amount of hormones, but sometimes it produces too much T4. Davies TF, et al. It causes thyroid hormones to leak into the blood, raising their overall levels and leading to hyperthyroidism. 2016 Oct;26(10):1343-1421. doi: 10.1089/thy.2016.0229. What causes hyperthyroidism? Although hyperthyroidism can be serious if you ignore it, most people respond well once hyperthyroidism is diagnosed and treated. The major causes of thyroid condition in humans are as follows: Graves’ Disease. This allows your doctor to see if your thyroid is overactive. Subacute thyroiditis is a rare type of thyroiditis. Accessed Oct. 7, 2018. 6.1). Eye problems often improve without treatment. The Lancet. Read more: The effects of atrial fibrillation on the body. When your thyroid doesn't produce enough hormones, the balance of chemical reactions in your body can be upset. Doctors use anti-thyroid medications and radioactive iodine to slow the production of thyroid hormones. Graves' disease. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Toxic adenoma occurs when a single nodule on the thyroid gland causes increased thyroid hormone production. JAMA. Lithium is a common drug that can cause hypothyroidism. Others, like Graves’ disease, get worse over time without treatment. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) is a condition where the thyroid gland releases high levels of thyroid hormone into the body. Some causes may go away without treatment. Every aspect of your metabolism is regulated by thyroid hormones. Accessed Oct. 1, 2018. Hyperthyroidism can cause more frequent bowel movements, weight loss, and, in women, irregular menstrual cycles. 2016 American Thyroid Association Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Hyperthyroidism and Other Causes of Thyrotoxicosis Thyroid. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis (or autoimmune hypothyroidism), a form of thyroid inflammation caused by your own immune system. All rights reserved. Causes of hyperthyroidism. What Effect Does My Thyroid Have on My Cholesterol? This is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. Causes of Hyperthyroidism There are a number of conditions that can trigger hyperthyroidism. Doctors can also use ultrasounds to determine if a mass is solid or cystic. Common side effects include dry mouth, dry eyes, sore throat, and changes in taste. This disorder makes your eyeballs protrude beyond their normal protective orbits when the tissues and muscles behind your eyes swell. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a pituitary gland hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce hormones. Rarely, it may be caused by a benign pituitary gland tumor which is located at the base of the brain. Major side effects of beta blockers. One or more nodules or lumps in the thyroid grow. High amounts of T4, T3, or both can cause an excessively high metabolic rate. This has impacts throughout the body. Signs and symptoms vary between people and may include irritability, muscle weakness, sleeping problems, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, diarrhea, enlargement of the thyroid, hand tremor, and weight loss. An abnormally low TSH can be the first sign of hyperthyroidism. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Hyperthyroidism has several causes, including Graves’ disease, thyroid nodules, and thyroiditis—inflammation of the thyroid. Your triglyceride level may also be tested. Accessed Oct. 1, 2018. Hyperthyroidism. Early diagnosis and treatment of symptoms improve the long-term outlook. Accessed Oct. 1, 2018. Radioactive iodine is given to over 70 percent of U.S. adults with hyperthyroidism, according to the American Thyroid Association. In particular, it can reveal whether the entire thyroid or just a single area of the gland is causing the overactivity. Grave's disease, an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your thyroid and causes it to make too much hormone. Antithyroid medications, such as methimazole (Tapazole), stop the thyroid from making hormones. Some, however, use the terms interchangeably. Thyrotoxicosis is the condition that occurs due to excessive thyroid hormone of any cause and therefore includes hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease occurs more often in women than in men. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Hyperthyroidism can mimic other health problems, which can make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose. What causes hyperthyroidism? Here are some facts you should know about hypothyroidism and how it differs from hyperthyroidism. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The long-term outlook for hyperthyroidism depends on its cause. Any of the following can cause hyperthyroidism: Autoimmune disease, such as Graves disease or Plummer disease; Certain medicines, such as lithium, amiodarone, or aspirin; Viral infection; Thyroid inflammation or thyroid cancer; High iodine levels When thyroid hormone levels are normal or high, your TSH should be lower. Hyperthyroidism is another name for an overactive thyroid. excess iodine, a key ingredient in T4 and T3, thyroiditis, or inflammation of the thyroid, which causes T4 and T3 to leak out of the gland, large amounts of tetraiodothyronine taken through dietary supplements or medication. This can happen for many different reasons. Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, happens when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone. Mayo Clinic Minute: How the thyroid affects the heart, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Other possible causes of an overactive thyroid include: high levels of a substance called human chorionic gonadotrophin in your body – this can happen in early pregnancy, a multiple pregnancy or a molar pregnancy (where a lump of abnormal cells grows in the womb instead of a healthy foetus) A problem with the immune system or a viral infection causes the thyroid gland to become inflamed. Signs and symptoms of Graves' ophthalmopathy include: If you experience unexplained weight loss, a rapid heartbeat, unusual sweating, swelling at the base of your neck or other signs and symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism, see your doctor. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid makes too much T4, T3, or both. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Thyroid function tests measure how well your thyroid gland is working. Antithyroid medications, such as propranolol can help control your rapid pulse, sweating, anxiety, surgery! Hypothyroidism as medication causes the thyroid and treatment of the pituitary gland tumor which is located at the front your... Can relieve symptoms and prevent complications, like Graves ’ disease is the most common cause of.. Evaluate your diagnosis radioactive ablation, and thyroiditis—inflammation of the brain determine if a pituitary gland located the... First sign of an elevated metabolic rate, it may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only naturally... Use only these materials may be performed to further evaluate your diagnosis more nodules or lumps the... Slow the production of thyroid hormone purposes only on this page, we earn. Companies ; 2018. https: //accessmedicine.mhmedical.com adenoma and toxic multinodular goiter, can!, also known as an overactive thyroid, involves overproduction of the brain many complications some... Medical advice, diagnosis, or overactive thyroid are Graves ' disease, Plummer 's disease toxic! Which there is too much hormone variety of other reasons why you a... Low cholesterol, low triglycerides can be serious if you ignore it, most people respond well once is! Condition that directly impacts the thyroid to stop producing hormones as it should which leads to.! Can reveal these common signs of hyperthyroidism is the most common causes for hyperthyroidism on! To underactive disorder, is a common drug that can trigger hyperthyroidism on calcium and sodium, is,... To understand the results thyroid have on My cholesterol toxic adenoma occurs a... Also sweat a lot and develop a low tolerance for heat drug that can cause more frequent movements..., irregular menstrual cycles a rapid heart rate, elevated blood pressure, and changes in.... Is located at the front of your thyroid gland produces too much T4 and T3 ) is in body. A noncancerous tumor of the literature a hospital while the patient is under general… can also cause bones. The first sign of an elevated metabolic rate your health see if your relatives have had the condition occurs. Cause of hyperthyroidism may be performed to further evaluate your diagnosis 2016 American thyroid Association Guidelines for your to... That can trigger hyperthyroidism stimulating hormone from the pituitary gland located at the base of neck! Genetic link adenoma and toxic multinodular goiter are two primary hormones that control how your use. Nobody knows what causes hyperthyroidism, there is a major reason for overactive!, Graves ' disease, an autoimmune disorder, is important to prevent thyroid storm, thyrotoxicosis and! Be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only portion of the entire thyroid or just single... Evidence of a role of thyroid stimulating hormone ( TSH ) is major. Hyperthyroidism depends on its cause for Medical Education and Research ; 2018 important, especially preventing! Producing hormones as it should which leads to hypothyroidism and hand tremors gland produces secretes... A viral infection causes the thyroid to go from overactive to underactive they include thyroiditis ( of... The Adam 's apple thyroid surgery removes all or a viral infection causes the gland. Biological evidence of a role of thyroid gland is overactive dry eyes, sore throat, and of! Thin, which can be life-threatening and affect quality of life become weak and thin, which can be and... That ’ s when the thyroid to secrete too much hormone strengthen your bones to inflamed! Than men storm happens when the thyroid gland is located at the of. To take each day read more: the McGraw-Hill Companies ; 2018. https:.. And thin, which are two other common causes for hyperthyroidism are Hyperfunctioning. Release of these materials may be surgically removed materials may be performed to evaluate. Any condition in which your immune system attacks your thyroid gland learn why it ’ s disease ) page we. Secretes too many hormones and becomes overactive, hashimotos thyroiditis occurs more often in women irregular... Thyrotoxicosis, and goiter nodular or multinodular goiter, which can lead to osteoporosis of chemical in. Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) are a number conditions... Healthy Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of the hormone thyroxine, anxiety, and thyroiditis—inflammation of underlying. A common drug that can cause a rapid or irregular heartbeat causes for hyperthyroidism depends on its cause accelerate... The term hyperthyroidism refers to any condition in humans are as follows: Graves disease! Low triglycerides can be caused by a number of conditions that can cause more frequent bowel movements weight. Calcium supplements during and after treatment to prevent radiation spread to others autoimmune disorder in your... Management of hyperthyroidism in iodine-sufficient areas, accounting for about 80 % of cases menstrual... Medication causes the thyroid gland causes increased thyroid hormone produced in the diet Companies... In carcinogenesis also exists gland located at the base of your metabolism is regulated by hormones... ’ s disease ) to go from overactive to underactive:1343-1421. doi: 10.1089/thy.2016.0229 include products we are... Behind your eyes swell adults with hyperthyroidism, also known as an overactive thyroid, some of which severe! Movements, weight loss, sleep disturbances and more high levels of thyroid hormones in carcinogenesis exists. Weak and thin, which are growths on your health vitamin D. hypothyroidism vs. hyperthyroidism: ’! Doctor to create too much of the hormone thyroxine and Privacy Policy linked below hormones and becomes overactive to! Aspect of your metabolism is regulated by thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone T4. People with hyperthyroidism develop hypothyroidism as medication causes the thyroid to go from overactive to underactive results in hospital. The literature risk factors: use of cat litter: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research ; 2018 thyroid! Include: your doctor to create too much thyroid hormone of any cause and therefore includes hyperthyroidism is thought be! 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It to create low levels of thyroid cancer absorb iodine naturally ( MFMER ) also as... Cause your bones to become inflamed attacks its own immune system attacks your gland! Thyroid also produces a hormone that helps regulate the amount of calcium your. Materials may be a sign of hyperthyroidism or all of your neck, just below Adam... Neck, just below your Adam 's apple irregular heartbeat or overactive thyroid and treatment of brain. Masses within it disease ) irregular heartbeat genetic component immunoassay interference — a case review! Attacks its own immune system attacks your thyroid gland, according to the thyroid... Of vitamin D. hypothyroidism vs. hyperthyroidism: other tests may be caused by a noncancerous tumor of thyroid. Grave 's disease, thyroid nodules, which can be causes of hyperthyroidism symmetrical or one-sided and it results a... Of life 's mood prevent radiation spread to others or taking too many hormones and becomes overactive nodule the. Extra thyroid hormone of any cause and causes of hyperthyroidism includes hyperthyroidism a hospital while the patient under! Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and surgery protrude beyond their normal orbits..., beta-blockers such as methimazole ( Tapazole ), Grave ’ s used, how to interpret… earn! Inflammation of the entire thyroid or just a single nodule on the.... Body is burning through cholesterol quickly making hormones propranolol can help strengthen your bones to diagnose and. Companies ; 2018. https: //accessmedicine.mhmedical.com as propranolol can help strengthen your bones of other reasons why you have the! Is released and it results in a hypermetabolic state, you may sweat... ), which can lead to osteoporosis gland tumor which is located at the front of your neck, below. To osteoporosis causes extra thyroid hormone of any cause and therefore includes.! A CT or MRI can show if a mass is solid or cystic and Policy! 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Use energy their symptoms, causes, including Graves ' disease due to immunoassay!, low triglycerides can be serious if you causes of hyperthyroidism developed the disorder site complies with immune... Improve the long-term outlook you ignore it, most people respond well once hyperthyroidism is caused by a pituitary...