OK! German is a different type of language from English. No such thing as adjective endings (<– better word: declensions) exists in English. I have good news … you’re likely doing it all wrong! when do you need the use the strong declension vs. the weak? keine) followed by an adjective which ends in ‑ en is always plural. But we don’t need a filler ‘e’ on the groß– because the necessary declension itself is an ‘e’. Change the order like I did in those examples and the meaning of the sentence changes, too. It doesn’t have to be intimidating. I’ve never seen anything else like it, but it works like a charm and I hope it takes over the German-learning world. And then, there are additional declensions charts for determiners (which, like the charts for adjectives, also get over-categorized into more sub-groups than necessary). The 5 declensions (-r, -n, -m, -e, -s) are coupled into strong & weak combos that get recycled throughout the All-In-One Declensions Chart. German has all the same adjective concepts that English does, yes … but how adjectives are used is very different, mainly because of tricky little adjective endings (i.e. The reason WHY these filler ‘e’s aren’t just in the chart already is because …. German Adjectival Endings. it’s dumb). However, the 3 conventional adjective endings charts (and another 7 declensions charts!) single. There are four patterns of determiner and/or adjective combos that impact which declension you need to put on which word. The conventional way to learn German adjective endings is with separate charts for strong, weak, and ‘mixed’ declensions (<– don’t even ask! it’s dumb). What is the deal with German adjective endings?! They are making your life much harder than it needs to be. The table provides an overview of adjective endings for the declension\inflection of German attributive adjectives. The adjective endings - en, - e, and - es correspond to the articles den, die, and das respectively (masc., fem., and neuter). Strong Endings (No Article + Adjective) Use a strong ending when the noun has neither a definite nor indefinite article. The adjective takes the endings of the definite article in a parallel declension. Das blaue T-Shirt ist schmutzig. Being aware of these declension patterns is the 1st step in learning adjective endings smarter, not harder. In all other instances, the adjective has no ending (Der Tisch ist groß. Enough to pass a test. endstream endobj startxref That’s nice’, you say … ‘but I thought we were talking about adjectives?’. 1? 156 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<330F1524831DDD4D9B9D9E5C1661E2FC><1CBD84D8BE2C4C418EDBE383CCAF11B9>]/Index[139 34]/Info 138 0 R/Length 91/Prev 476093/Root 140 0 R/Size 173/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream BUT! 1. I mean, if you weren’t feeling confused and frustrated, you wouldn’t be here now, trying to figure this out, right? They make sense! Here in the neuter, let’s look at declension pattern #2 because 2 out of the 3 times it’s used at all is in the neuter. Nominative, accusative, dative, genitive. “Strong” vs. “weak” inflection As occurs in other Germanic languages, in German we use these two adjectives with the following meaning: Strong means a verb or ending … 100? Only the genitive case is different in the masculine and neuter cases. It’s those adjective endings (declensions) that signal the case of the following noun. Adjectives are descriptive words. But TRUST ME, it’s the better way. You get the same results for literally 10% of the effort you’d otherwise have to invest in 10 charts. And adjectives are one of those types of words that come in front of nouns! Most learners of German are pretty terrified when their teachers whip out chart after chart of German declensions bubbling over with all sorts of confusing terminology. 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